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Making and Recording Observations

Investigation 2 CAP


Making and Recording Observations: Investigation 2 – CAP


In this CAP you will make observations of pictures to discover the essential things that plants and animals (including humans) need to survive. You will make observations and draw conclusions from what you observed. Remember that you can use different senses to make observations: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.

You will also be asked to use your senses to observe how pollution can impact the environment. You will view three major types of pollution; water, land, and air pollution, and think of ways to limit pollution and its damage so as to create environments that are conducive to the health of plants and animals.


Do you have a dog?. Look at this slide and ask yourself, “What are two things I see in this picture that all animals need to survive?”. Do you think humans need these two things to survive as well?


This slide shows another image of a dog. Pictured in the image is a third factor that most animals require to survive – shelter. Can you think of other forms of shelter animals use? 


What do these pictures have in common with the doghouse in the preceding slide? 


Observe this slide for a moment. Can you see three things that plants need to survive?”


Why do you think some of these plants are healthy and some have died?”


This slide is a simple review of what you have observed and discussed in the previous slides. Plants need sunlight, water, and soil to survive. Animals, including humans, require food, water, and shelter to survive.

Which things do plants and animals need to survive that are the same? What things are different?” 


The following four slides use your sense of sight to observe different types of pollution. As you look at the slides, consider how pollution affects things that plants and animals need to survive.

This slide shows dirty, polluted water on the left and clean water on the right. In which water would you rather swim? Which water do you think is best for animals and plants? Can polluted water change what plants and animals need to survive? Can you think of ways to keep our water clean? 


This slide shows dirty land on the left and clean land on the right. In which park would you rather play? In which park do you think animals should build their shelters? Can you think of ways to keep our land clean?


This slide shows dirty air on the left and clean air on the right. Which air would you rather breathe? Which air do you think is better for other animals to breathe?” Can you think of ways to keep our air clean? 


This final slide shows some of the solutions to water, land, and air pollution. You may have already thought of some of these yourself. Can you think of other solutions to the problem of pollution?